October 2021, Volume 32, Issue 4

The Rise of Political Violence in the United States

  • Rachel Kleinfeld
Until recently, political violence in the United States was carried out by radical fringe groups. Today, ordinary people in a deeply polarized society consume and espouse once-radical ideas and are primed to commit violence.
October 2021, Volume 32, Issue 4

Russia’s Road to Autocracy

  • Michael McFaul
Thirty years after the Soviet Union collapsed, Russia is firmly in the grip of an autocrat. Where did Russia’s path go wrong?
October 2021, Volume 32, Issue 4

How Authoritarians Win When They Lose

  • Sultan Tepe
  • Ayça Alemdaroğlu
Turkey’s ruling party has developed a new tool: When its local candidates lose, it dismisses them and appoints its own choice under a guise that maintains the veneer of democracy. It is an autocratic innovation that may soon spread.

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Protestors know that simply returning to the status quo ante will not resolve the underlying tensions that led to the October 2021 coup, and could allow military leaders to better prepare a coup next time around.

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