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While many experts recommend postponing democratization pending the rise of a middle class, a directly political strategy may well be better.
Volume 7, Issue 2
Volume 18, Issue 2
About two-thirds of the world's Muslims live under governments chosen through competitive elections. The remaining third lives mostly in the Arab world, a region that poses the hardest challenges for…
Volume 20, Issue 3
Legislative elections in the Middle East often become contests over patronage and wind up reinforcing authoritarian regimes.