Karen Kramer

Karen Kramer is a lecturer in the political science department at Purchase College, State University of New York, where she teaches courses on Arab politics and democratization in the Arab world.

October 2006, Volume 17, Issue 4

Exchange: Arab Political Pacts: An Unlikely Scenario

Middle Eastern realities and scholarship on democratic transitions both suggest that formally negotiated deals between authoritarian rulers and liberal opposition forces are unlikely to provide the path to change in the Arab world.